Isaac Newton
Everyone is delighted with me, and I am delighted with gravity
Sir Isaac Newton, a gentleman and a scientist, had an amazing life in which science and passion mixed to the truth, ambition and, of course, apples
THE BIRTH OF A GENIUS
Mother Anna Ayscough remarried 3 years later, one of the conditions of the marriage contract was the separation from her son. Little Newton is left grandmother in Woolsthorpe, and his mother moved to building new husband  Reverend Smith, — defended from Woolsthorpe on three kilometers.
In 1642 On Christmas Day, in the village of Woolsthorpe, a posthumous child was born in a farmer's family. The child's father Isaac Newton died 4 months before the birth of the baby, the child was named after his father.
A lonely child grew up silent and withdrawn. But not a slacker: Isaac loved to read and make. He has been inventing and designing since childhood — he arranged a sundial in Woolsthorpe, made various wooden mechanisms
– Issak , you 've scattered TOYS ON THE FLOOR again
– grandma... It's not me,
it's gravity
At the age of 12, Isaac Newton was accepted into King's School in the neighboring town of Grantham. At school, the boy did not shine at first: He graduated from the first academic year 78th out of 80. In free time he constantly have designed all kinds of wooden models and mechanisms, which are manufactured with using miniature saws, hatchets and hammers.
The first
At the age of 19, young Newton graduated from school. Cambridge was waiting for him. A young man from an unknown family passed the entrance exam and entered Trinity College.
discoveries
Newton studied for free, but had to work at a university or serve rich students.
In 1663 A new professor has come to the Department of Mathematics — Isaac Barrow, a major mathematician, a future friend and teacher of Newton. Then Newton discovered binomial decomposition. For this work, he received a bachelor's degree.
– you are Issak and I am Issak
– we are both Issaks
opening time or the
IN 1672, NEWTON PUBLISHED IN PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS A DESCRIPTION OF CLASSICAL EXPERIMENTS WITH PRISMS AND A THEORY OF COLOR. THE ARTICLE PROVOKED OBJECTIONS AND NUMEROUS ATTACKS, LED BY ROBERT HOOKE, A PROPONENT OF THE WAVE THEORY OF LIGHT. THE MISUNDERSTANDING OF COLLEAGUES CAUSED NEWTON DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY.
APPLE incident
Newton studied optics, trying to explain the physical nature of light. As a result, he came to the corpuscular model, considering light in the form of a stream of particles flying out of a certain light source. Newton proved for the first time that white is the result of mixing all the other colors of the spectrum.
In it same time, the 23-year-old boy was thinking about why the Apple falls perpendicular to the earth's surface and came to the conclusion that Apple draws the Earth, so well as the Earth draws the Apple.
On the wording of the law of gravity from brilliant British scientist took two decades for the first time it he announced to the world on it 1687 — in his fundamental work "the Mathematical principles of natural philosophy".
The story of the fall of the apple became popular thanks to Voltaire.
Mirror Telescope
In 1669, the 26-year-old Newton became a professor of mathematics — one of the youngest in the history of the university.
In 1667, Newton returned to Cambridge — he is now a teacher, and he has students. It is occupied by invention, construction and alchemy.
In 1671, Newton presented Charles II with a telescope he had made, and the king recommended Newton as a member of the Royal Scientific Society. In 1672 he became a member and quickly became famous.
The main difference was that the light is collected not by a lens-lens, but by a mirror. With his telescope, Newton was able to view Jupiter, its moons and the phases of Venus.
It was only 15 cm long and 33 mm in diameter. The scientist was able to achieve a 40-fold increase in high quality.
The main difference was that the light is collected not by a lens-lens, but by a mirror. With his telescope, Newton was able to view Jupiter, its moons and the phases of Venus.
It was only 15 cm long and 33 mm in diameter. The scientist was able to achieve a 40-fold increase in high quality.
in a cocoon
In 1672 Newton published in Philosophical Transactions a description of classical experiments with prisms and the theory of color. The article provoked objections and numerous attacks, led by Robert Hooke, a proponent of the wave theory of light. The misunderstanding of colleagues caused Newton depression and anxiety.
of solitude
Newton was also a religious man. He learned Hebrew to study the texts of the Old Testament, and made more than 30 translations of the Bible text. He reconstructed the layout of the temple of Solomon and calculated its parameters, considering that the scheme according to which the temple was built symbolizes the structure of the Universe; being carried away by the past, he calculated the time of the Argonauts' expedition by the solstices.
In 1686, the first volume of the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy was published. It was a new word in science, a role model. No more vague metaphysics: all mathematical calculations of physical phenomena were strict and correct. It was a new physics and a new mathematics.
"If I've seen further than others, it's because I've stood on the shoulders of giants."
– catch the evidence from the universe,
everything is relatively simple there
The law of gravitation was stated — but its physical nature will become clear only with the advent of Einstein's general theory of relativity. Newton described gravity mathematically, being the first to connect the tides of the sea with the Sun and Moon.
Three classical laws of mechanics were formulated for the first time, the basis of the existence of the universe, the concepts of weight and mass appeared.
pay with a minted
In 1696, the 54-year-old Newton was offered to head the English Mint and carry out monetary reform. The problem was that 95% of the money in circulation was fake.
coin
The coins were ground at the edges and the extracted silver was put into circulation. Newton proposed to cut small lines in the edges of the coin, on which the cut edges would be immediately noticeable. This part on the coins is designed in this way and to this day and is called a "Gurt." This reform prevented an economic crisis.
In 1703, Newton became president of the Royal Society of Science. In 1704, his famous "Optics"finally saw the light, in 1705 Queen Anne granted him a knighthood. All of Newton's later works are devoted to history and theology.
pay with a minted
In 1696, the 54-year-old Newton was offered to head the English Mint and carry out monetary reform. The problem was that 95% of the money in circulation was fake.
coin
The coins were ground at the edges and the extracted silver was put into circulation. Newton proposed to cut small lines in the edges of the coin, on which the cut edges would be immediately noticeable. This part on the coins is designed in this way and to this day and is called a "Gurt." This reform prevented an economic crisis.
In 1703, Newton became president of the Royal Society of Science. In 1704, his famous "Optics" finally saw the light, in 1705 Queen Anne granted him a knighthood. All of Newton's later works are devoted to history and theology.
Symbol of science
85-year-old Sir Isaac Newton died in 1727. buried in Westminster Abbey. In the history of science, he remained as a scientist who changed scientific research — from now on it is a fusion of ideas, calculations and logical proofs.
Almost the whole of London came to spend its last journey after the death of the great scientist. To an unsociable person who had no friends and no beloved woman, only at the end of his biography, many were able to confess their love and respect
"May mortals rejoice that such an ornament of the human race lived among them".
author of longrid
Anya Zozuleva
Made on
Tilda